The European mobility context
The “EUROMOST” project is clearly an integral part of the European context which is trying to favour the trans-national mobility of students and other people in training and gradually remove administrative and legal obstacles to this mobility. By concentrating on exchanges between East and West Europe, it is also participating in the European enlargement process.
A political wish
The resolution of the Council and the member states’ government representatives who met with the Council on December 14th 2000, to support a mobility plan of action
The recommendation of the European Parliament and the Council on the 10th of July 2001 concerning the mobility in the Community of students, people in training, volunteers, teachers and trainers.
The mobility of students, people in training, volunteers, teachers and trainers — whether it is practised in the framework of Community programmes or not — is part of the concept of the free circulation of people which is a fundamental liberty protected by the treaty. In any case, freedom of movement is recognised for all citizens of the Union under the conditions provided for by article 18 of the treaty»
A European teaching and training area which favours mobility
The new European higher education area which took shape as a consequence of the Bologne declaration (1999)), offers students a mobility framework, thanks to the common 3 grades system, and transferable and capitalizable credits (ECTS credits).
In the domain of professional training, the “Copenhagen process” calls for the creation of a European qualifications framework and the adoption of a system of credits transferable from one European country to another.
Since the 80s, Community education and training programmes have helped to structure the framework necessary to facilitate and promote this mobility. Based on previous experience, the Leonardo da Vinci programme supported and favoured mobility for training courses in companies, within the framework of vocational training whereas the Erasmus (Socrates programme)supported and favoured mobility for studies as well as the recognition of these mobility periods in higher education.
On 1st of May 2004, 10 new European countries joined the Union. In this new territorial framework, some provisional arrangements limiting the free circulation between certain countries remain. However, the Leonardo da Vinci and Socrates programmes apply to these countries as well as to the membership candidate countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Rumania, and Turkey).
Bulgaria and Rumania should be joining the European Union on the 1st of January 2007.
By offering European culture training modules, practical mobility guides for training courses and a training course data base, the EUROMOST project contributes to the democratisation of mobility for young people from new and future member states and promotes exchanges between East and West Europe.